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Fluid Tanks

General Information

A fluid tank is a manufactured container that is most commonly a storage tank used for short-term or long-term heat or cold storage. It varies in two ways aboveground horizontal tanks and Underground tanks.

Tanks can be delivered as single skinned steel tanks or as double skinned steel tanks. In most countries, it is now legal to use double-skinned tanks made out of two layers of steel. This is also the most environmentally safe way of storing chemicals, oil, and gasoline products. The tank's double-wall can be connected to an alarm system, ensuring that leakage does not occur in one of the tank walls.

If necessary, the tank could be divided into several rooms with the possibility of storing several different products in the same tank.

On the outside, the tank is treated with an approved polyurethane paint that ensures corrosion protection. The internal treatment protects the tank against corrosion and thus prolongs the life of the tank. If the tank is 100% internally treated, it is also ensuring that the product in the tank remains completely clean.

Above ground tanks can be supplied with a variety of different accessories. The tanks can also be supplied with insulation and heating if the tank's product is to be kept at a specific temperature.

We can also offer tanks in non-standard sizes and special diameters and requirements and other standards.

Types

Aboveground storage tanks and Underground storage tanks.

Fluid tanks are available in many shapes: vertical and horizontal cylindrical, open top and closed top, floating roof, flat bottom, cone bottom, slope bottom, and dish bottom. Large tanks tend to be vertical cylindrical, or to have rounded corners transition from vertical side wall to bottom profile, to easier withstand hydraulic hydrostatically induced pressure of a contained liquid.

There are usually many environmental regulations applied to such tanks' design and operation, often depending on the nature of the fluid contained within.

  • Vertical tanks.
  • Fuel Stations.
  • Container stations.
  • LPG tanks.
  • Filter tanks.
  • Tanks for drinking water.
  • Buffer tanks.

Usage

Fluid Tanks are containers that hold Liquids such as Petrol, Diesel, Chemicals and Compressed gases, etc. It is using and operates in different ways in different countries.

Above ground storage tanks can be used to hold materials such as petroleum, waste matter, water, chemicals, and other hazardous materials, all while meeting strict industry standards and regulations.

Most container tanks for handling liquids during transportation are designed to handle varying degrees of pressure.

Industries

  • Petroleum Industry.
  • Distillery Industry.
  • Chemicals manufacturing Industry.
  • Effluent treatment Industry.
  • Power Generation Industry.
  • Food Processing Industry.
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Technical information:

Volume:

Sizes vary as per requirement and load of the machine.

Diameter: standard diameters / volumes:

  • Diameter 1600 mm:    3 m³ -   5 m³ -   8 m³ -  10 m³ - 13 m³ -   16 m³
  • Diameter 2000 mm:  10 m³ - 13 m³ - 16 m³ - 19 m³ - 25 m³ -   30 m³
  • Diameter 2500 mm:  20 m³ - 25 m³ - 30 m³ - 40 m³ - 50 m³ -   60 m³ - 70 m³
  • Diameter 2900 mm:  40 m³ - 50 m³ - 60 m³ - 70 m³ - 80 m³ - 100 m³

Material: 

  • Steel.
  • Alloy Steel.
  • Specialty Steel.
  • MS Material.
  • Galvanized Steel.
  • SS Material.
  • Foam Insulation.
  • Glass Wool/Rock Wool.
  • Fiberglass.

Pressure rating:

  • Atmospheric.

Protection:

Cautions & Features:

Since most liquids can spill, evaporate, or seep through even the smallest opening, special consideration must be made for their safe and secure handling. This usually involves building a binding or containment dike around the tank that safely contained any leakages. Some storage tanks need a floating roof in addition to the fixed roof and structure. This floating roof rises and falls with the tank's liquid level, thereby decreasing the vapor space above the liquid level.

Floating roofs are considered a safety requirement and a pollution prevention measure for many industries, including petroleum refining. The Metal tanks must protect to contact with soil and containing petroleum products to prevent the product's escape into the environment. Outside the United States and at some locations in the United States, elevated tank support foundations with a sand bitumen mix finish are often used. These types of foundations keep the tank bottom plates free from water, therefore preventing corrosion.